Building a methodology of good practices for achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDG)

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Por: Edgard Cuestas Zamora

Estudiante de Relaciones Internacionales / Universidad de San Buenaventura, Sede Bogotá

Correo electrónico: Edgardcz91@gmail.com

States have the obligation to assure economic, social and political welfare of its population within its borders[1]. Although, ¿how can a country correctly enforce public policies to achieve such expected development and prosperity? And what it is meant by good practice anyway? To determinate the criteria of identification of public policy is the first step to define good practice[2].

The best way to implement good practices is by establishing a methodology for acknowledging them. Herewith, three political levels are proposed, namely: international, regional and national pattern. This methodology serves as a guide to define one way in which a given state can develop strategies and local politics for the fulfilment of the 2000 (MDG), in particular those prescribed for Latin American countries. The structural problem of MDG is the inexistence of indicators in issues like unemployment, economic growth and inequality. According to the MDG, countries have identified two main topics in international policy that constitute fundamental rules to guide the internal changes through public policy: development and elimination of poverty[3].

Now, it is necessary to refer to the value of regional policy in the building of good practices. Although there are differences in the way MDG can be addressed, the exchange of experiences between states plays an important role in the design of national policy development. Moreover, the mutual benefit and the identification of regional good practices consolidate progress internally and constitute a tool for collecting information. Thus, if states did regional planning, there would probably have been better results in the future.

On the other hand, it is important to recall that the support of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) has been essential for the identification of the abovementioned good practices on the continent. For example, the Commission has identified different public policy oriented approaches in the development such as: Civil society participation in social welfare, the legitimation of decision makers through the democracy building, transparent public administration, tax policy and the relation between public management and budget are the results of the internal organization of states[4]. The growth of gross domestic product, economic balance, reduction of violence and crime show the good practices[5] and validity the previous information.

At the national level, Colombia has incorporated good practices in its National Development Plan[6], linking stages like a definition, design and planning in areas like environment, sustainable development and gender equality. The above reflect the intentions of its government to adjust its domestic policy and fulfil with the roadmap to accession in the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In this regard, Colombia will evaluate in different areas through compliance with the requirements fixed by 23 technical committees that will allow the OECD Council to take a decision on the country’s membership in this organization[7], in order to attract foreign investment and promote global commerce that rise the life level of population.

Currently, the creation of organizational structures of development at departmental level has been paramount to execute plans of integral development in the central region of Colombia. The Administrative and Special Planning Area (RAPE)[8] composed of Cundinamarca, Meta, Boyacá and Tolima, is the best example of good practice in Colombian public policy that aims at developing the cities through the decentralization and deputation of purviews of state[9], promoting the social development and the fulfilment of Millennium Development Goals (MDG).

[1] Pearson and Rochester, International Relations: The Global Condition in the Twenty-First Century. New York, 2006, pp. 157-192.

[2] Fondo Social Europeo, Protocolo para la identificación de buenas prácticas, 2006, pp. 8-14.

[3] Declaration of Millennium Development Goals, 2000, p. 4.

[4] CEPAL, Hacia una agenda de planificación regional que incorpore la futura agenda para el desarrollo después de 2015, 2014, pp. 4-6.

[5] Cuervo y Rodríguez, Visiones de desarrollo y planeación de largo plazo en América Latina y el Caribe, Gestión Pública, CEPAL, 2014.

[6] Colombia, Plan Nacional de Desarrollo, Desarrollo oportuno y mejora de sociedad, 2010-2014.

[7] OECD, Roadmap for the accession of Colombia to the OECD convention, 2013, pp. 10-21.

[8] Colombia, Constitución Política de 1991, Capítulo IV, Artículo 325, Del régimen especial.

[9] Colombia, Congreso de la República, Ley 1454 de 2011, Ley Orgánica de Ordenamiento Territorial.

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